Violence censors journalists in Mexico
â€œI go around the country and journalists tell me they donâ€™t cover things like this and have closed down the office in charge of police issues,â€ says Dario Ramirez, head of Article 19â€™s programme in Mexico.
In May last year, Cambio in the Northern State of Sonora closed its doors after two grenade attacks and what its editor said was a failure on the part of the Government to protect its 250 employees. In October, journalists of the Oaxacan newspaper “El Imparcial del Istmo” resigned out of fear for their lives following the killing of three of the newspaper’s employees and repeated threats after the newspaper reported the finding of a grave containing seven corpses.
In February 2006, the offices of El MaÃ±ana newspaper in Nuevo Laredo were attacked by men wielding grenades and assault rifles. A reporter was left paralyzed and the paper later announced that it would cease producing investigative reports on drug trafficking.
Much of the time, reporters donâ€™t put their names to articles. But on a wider scale, violence against journalists has led to a widely used policy of self-censorship – a policy that was endorsed by the Attorney General of Mexico, Eduardo Medina Mora last year acknowledging the Governmentâ€™s failure to address the problem and provide some form of protection for journalists by investigating crimes against them.
Leonarda Reyes, director of the Centre for Journalism and Pubic Ethics (CEPET) in Guadalajara, says: â€œRadio stations, newspapers and of course television news have stopped actively covering security and things linked to that issue and now only publish what is said in press conferences and press releases.â€
Although she acknowledged the grave implications of such a policy for freedom of expression and information in Mexico, Reyes said that it was completely understandable. Neither the media nor reporters can solve a problem that corresponds to corruption within the police force across the country and Mexicoâ€™s violent drug wars, she says.
The pressure on journalists from corrupt state officials and drug-crime networks as well as very low wages makes it tempting for reporters to collude with the darker forces at work. Experts hint that some journalists are not targeted for their work, but as a result of personal grudges and for taking payoffs from dangerous types. If you canâ€™t beat them, join them.